Sumter County and Macon County
This small town served as the supply center for the Andersonville Prison. Prisoners marched from the rail lines to the prison gate, approximately ¼ mile away. A restored turn-of-the-century depot houses a local history display and Civil War artifacts.
- Andersonville National Historic Site / Visitor Center (NRHP)
The Visitor Center houses displays and artifacts relating the story of Andersonville and Civil War prisons. The site includes Andersonville National Cemetery and a Prisoner of War Museum, which houses displays and artifacts commemorating prisoner of war sacrifices from all American wars. The cemetery contains graves of over 12,400 Union prisoners in Andersonville including the grave of a soldier from the 54th Massachusetts Colored Infantry.
1 miles east of Andersonville on GA 49
- Andersonville Old Time Farm Area & Museum
Andersonville, GA 31711
This pioneer farm complex in a five-acre city park includes a log cabin, barn, farm animals, sugar cane mill and country store. A restored turn-of-the-century depot houses a local history display and Civil War artifacts. A master blacksmith works in the blacksmith shop on weekeneds.
Behind the Post Office just off Church Street
- Drummer Boy Civil War Museum
109 Church Street
Andersonville, GA 31711
Housed in a circa-1900 store, the Civil War museum features memorabilia from both the North and the South including uniforms, guns, documents, flags, a diorama and a special naval history section.
- Wirz Monument
Erected by the Georgia Division of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, this monument memorializes Captain Henry Wirz, Commandant of the Andersonville Prison, for his efforts at operating under impossible conditions. He was tried, convicted and hanged for war crimes by the U.S. Government. The monument has remained controversial since its placement in 1909.
- Battle of Columbus
One of the last land battles of the Civil War was fought in Columbus on Easter Sunday, 1865, after the surrender of Johnston in North Carolina and Lee in Virginia. Wilson’s Raiders attacked the city from the western shores of the Chattahoochee River and upon seizing the city, burned all government and industrial properties including 125,000 bales of cotton. Columbus was a primary munitions and supply center for the Confederacy. There are many historical markers throughout the city noting the location of hospitals, cannon, munitions and sword factories as well as many textile mills that produced uniforms for the Confederate Army and Navy.
- Columbus Iron Works Convention & Trade Center (NRHP)
801 Front Avenue
Known in the 1860s as the Confederate Naval Iron Works, it was the second largest iron works in the Confederacy. This facility supplied engines and parts to all Confederate shipyards located in the deep South. Renovation preserved the massive timbers, exposed beams, old brick walls and manufacturing mechanisms. It now serves as a convention and meeting facility. The South Hall houses an exhibit of products manufactured in the 1800s, including “The Ladies Defender,” a canon manufactured from brass cooking utensils donated by the ladies of the Columbus and casting and armor from the CSS Chattahoochee and CSS Jackson.
- Columbus Museum
1251 Wynnton Road
Columbus, GA 31906
The museum’s focus is the social history of the Chattahoochee River Valley. Included is a collection of Confederate and Union weapons. There are also exhibits which relate to the significance of the Civil War in Columbus.
Exit 18 I-85 west 3 miles to museum
- Confederate Naval Museum
202 4th Street
Columbus, GA 31092
The James W. Woodruff Jr. Confederate Naval Museum strives to be a national and international clearinghouse of information on Civil War naval history and technology. Gunboats and artifacts salvaged from the Chattahoochee River are on display with other items relating to Confederate naval history. The CSS Jackson, CSS Chattahoochee, a torpedo, rare uniform items, many ship models and an extensive library and archives for scholars in the field, are the principal exhibits. This museum is the only one of its kind in the world.
Off US 280 near bridge
- Fort Benning
The largest Infantry Training Center in the world, Ft. Benning was named in honor of Confederate Gen. Henry L. Benning, also known as “The rock”; his drawing room is recreated at the National Infantry Museum.
I-85 to Custer Road exit to the Welcome Center
- Linwood Cemetery (NRHP)
Here in the Naval and Army sections lie 125 confederates, including Maj. Gen. Paul Jones Semmes who died as the result of wounds received at Gettysburg. A 6.4” rifle gun from the CSS Jackson can be seen in the Naval section of the cemetery; sailors who died in a spectacular engineering accident, the explosion of Chattahoochee’s boilers, are buried there.
Located on Linwood Boulevard, just west of 10th Avenue
- National Infantry Museum
Building 396, Baltzell Avenue
Fort Benning, GA 31905
The museum houses a unique and significant collection of cannon, handguns and other Confederate equipment manufactured in the Columbus area. Other items in the Civil War collection include Union and Confederate uniforms, a surgeon’s field kit, Gen. Grant’s traveling liquor cabinet, numerous Confederate flags and a rare surviving regimental flag from the Union’s 2nd Regiment of Colored Troops. The museum also contains extensive exhibits tracing the evolution of the infantry from the French and Indian War to the present.
Fayette County Historical Society
195 Lee Street
Extensive material available on Georgia and Fayette County including 128 volumes of “Ware of Rebellion,” five volumes listing those who served in the Georgia Infantry, and many articles and publications on the war as it pertained to Fayette County and Georgia.
Griffin, GA 30223
More than 500 Confederate and one Union soldier are buried on this site. Many were casualties of the battles of Atlanta and Jonesboro and died while patients at the many hospitals located in Griffin. Some of the hospital locations are noted by historic markers.
- Bellevue (NRHP)
204 Ben Hill Street
Home of Benjamin Harvey Hill, one of the greatest orators of his time and a powerful and influential Senator in the Confederacy as well as the post-war U.S. Senate.
- Confederate Cemetery
More than 300 soldiers from all Confederate states are buried here. Most were patients in the many LaGrange hospitals.
- Nancy Harts (HM)
Organized by Nancy Brown Morgan, the Nancy Harts was a militia comprised of LaGrange ladies who practiced military drills and even met a detachment of sherman’s raiders (led by Col. LaGrange of Wisconsin) at an entrance to the city. As a result of the confrontation the city was spared destruction. A marker commemorating the Nancy Harts stands in the front of the Courthouse on Ridley Avenue.
- Male Academy Museum (NRHP)
30 Temple Avenue and College Street
Newnan, GA 30264
This restored mid-19th century school, owned by the Newnan-Coweta Historical Society, now serves as a local history museum with a special emphasis on the Civil War, featuring alternating exhibits on medicine and general life of the era.
I-85 to Newnan exit
- West Point / Fort Tyler
US 29 and GA 14
On April 16, 1865, one week after Gen. Lee surrendered at Appomattox, Union cavalry captured Fort Tyler, the last Confederate fort to fall in Georgia. On this same day Columbus was captured. Gen. Robert C. Tyler and 265 Confederates withstood 3,500 Union soldiers for eight hours. At the eastern edge of town lies Fort Tyler Cemetery, where 76 Confederate and Union casualties of the siege, including Gen. Tyler, are buried.
I-85 at the Georgia/Alabama line